Lung Cancer Foundation of America (LCFA) and our sister lung cancer advocacy organizations are updating our regular reports to cover COVID-19 vaccine and lung cancer to help people understand what is known about the disease, find reliable sources of information, and be aware of its potential impact on vulnerable populations, including those with lung cancer.
As advocacy organizations dedicated to serving the needs of lung cancer patients, all of us are closely monitoring the latest developments related to the outbreak caused by the novel coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, and the resulting disease, COVID-19. Our community needs to have access to accurate information about Coronavirus and lung cancer.
January 25, 2021 COVID Vaccine and Lung Cancer Update
As of January 22, we stand at 24.8 million COVID-19 cases in the US, with 412,936 deaths. The CDC reports that 15.1 million Americans have received at least one dose of vaccine, with 2.4 million people being fully vaccinated.
President Biden and his administration have made addressing the COVID-19 pandemic a top priority and have released their National Strategy for the COVID-19 Response and Pandemic Preparedness. Other steps in the first few days of his presidency include asking Americans to wear masks for the first 100 days of his administration, signing an executive order for a mask mandate on federal property and reenlisting the US in the World Health Organization and joining global efforts to combat the pandemic.
In this week’s update, we will cover several topics including: Call to Action to make your voices heard for the advisory panel making decisions on which groups should be prioritized for vaccination next, new NCCN guidelines regarding vaccination of patients with solid tumors and new vaccines on the horizon.
Call to Action – make your voices heard!
LungCAN and lung cancer advocacy groups urge you to write to the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) and remind the committee that patients with cancer need to be prioritized for vaccination against COVID-19. Most states do not include patients with cancer in Tier 1b. Please use this template and modify it to suit your needs. You can submit your comments through the following website. Click on Comment Now on the right. The website will walk you through the commenting process. Act fast! Comments are due by January 26th before the ACIP meets on January 27th, 2021.
As patients with lung cancer, are there any special considerations for receiving the COVID-19 vaccine?
The National Comprehensive Cancer Network® recently released guidelines for vaccination of patients with solid tumors.
- Patients with cancer should be prioritized for vaccination (CDC priority group 1b/c) and should be immunized when vaccination is available to them.
- Immunization is recommended for all patients receiving active therapy. Patients and their treating physicians should be aware that there are limited safety and efficacy data in these patients.
- Patients who are receiving immunotherapy, targeted therapy, chemotherapy, or radiation therapy should receive the vaccine as soon as it is available. In patients who are undergoing surgery, date of vaccination should be separate from the day of surgery by at least a few days.
New COVID Vaccines on the Horizon
Currently, two vaccines (Pfizer and Moderna) are approved for use in the US. Both these vaccines are mRNA-based. But other vaccines are on the horizon and are already being rolled out in different countries around the world. This tracker from The New York Times offers a comprehensive overview of all vaccines currently in development. This article also summarizes the top three vaccines expected to move forward in the US in the near future. Both the AstraZeneca (AZ) and Johnson & Johnson (J&J) vaccines are built on an adenovirus backbone – this is using a typically harmless virus as a “Trojan horse” to deliver the genetic sequence for the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein to stimulate an immune response. The AZ vaccine will still require two doses while J&J’s will be a single dose vaccine. Novavax’s platform uses a virus like particle (VLP) coated in genetically engineered coronavirus proteins to stimulate an immune response.
This graphic summarizes some key features of current vaccines that are being used globally:
A Farewell to Updates
We started writing these updates almost a year ago, when data first suggested that lung cancer patients who were infected with COVID-19 had worse outcomes. At that time, little scientific information was readily available about the virus, public health measures, and potential treatments. We decided to fill that gap.
Now, many scientists and public health officials are providing accurate and understandable COVID-19 information to the lung cancer community. It’s time for us to pivot (a popular word in the past year) to other lung cancer priorities.
This will be our last regular update. Going forward, we will provide future updates as warranted or when new advances/challenges dictate. We hope we’ve provided value. Thanks for reading!
Coronavirus and Lung Cancer Resources
- IASLC’s Guide to COVID-19 and Lung Cancer
- The National Cancer Institute has a special website for COVID-19 and emergency preparedness. Coronavirus: What People with Cancer Should Know
- We are following updates provided by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), check out these links.
- Johns Hopkins Coronavirus Resource Center is one of the best places to get current updates.
- Interactive map of US COVID-19 cases by state
- The One-Two Punch: Cancer And Coronavirus (an important perspective for cancer patients)
- You can find information specific to your state or city or town on your health department’s website. A list of state department of health websites can be found here.
- A list of local health department websites can be found here
- The American Medical Association is also maintaining a resource website for healthcare providers. You can find more information here
- If you cannot avoid air travel, check out this handy article on “Dirtiest Places on Airplanes: How to Avoid Germs”